Public comments now open on Dynegy plan to stabilize the Middle Fork River near coal ash ponds

A diagram showing the extent of the wall Dynegy wants to build on the Middle Fork River
Dynegy proposes to build wall of rock for more than a third of a mile along the Middle Fork River to stop riverbank erosion near two of the company’s coal ash ponds near Oakwood, Illinois. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is seeking public comment on the proposal until December 28. (SCI Engineering/from open records request)

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is seeking comment on a proposal by Dynegy Energy Midwest, LLC to install a rock wall to prevent millions of gallons of coal ash from polluting the Middle Fork River in Vermilion County.

The coal ash is the residue from burning coal at the Vermilion Power Station, which operated between 1955 and 2011. Coal ash is considered extremely hazardous because it contains highly toxic chemicals and heavy metals such as arsenic, mercury and lead. There have been two major spills of coal ash in recent years that led to widespread environmental damage and more than $7 billion in cleanup costs.

Dynegy Midwest is the former owner of a power plant at the site, which has three ponds that hold 600 million gallons of toxic coal ash within a few yards of the Middle Fork River. Dynegy Midwest merged with Vistra Energy earlier this year.

Local officials and environmental groups have pushed to have the ponds removed, complaining that the waste left in the ponds is contaminating groundwater and the river.

A federal judge dismissed a lawsuit filed earlier this year alleging violations of the Clean Water Act.

Dynegy now proposes to construct a 1,900-foot long wall of rock on the Middle Fork to stop erosion of the riverbank near its coal ash ponds, and the possibility of a massive spill of toxic coal ash into the Middle Fork.

A spokesperson for Vistra, the parent company of Dynegy Energy Midwest, said the stabilization is needed and has been stalled for too long.

“This plan would stabilize the riverbank using technology that has been successfully demonstrated through a 2016 project along a 485-foot stretch of riverbank that abuts company property,” said Meranda Cohn, Vistra’s Director of Media Relations.

“We are working through the regulatory process as swiftly as possible,” she said, “we are engaging with the appropriate agencies, and we are committed to providing a permanent and effective solution.”

Government agencies, businesses and environmental groups in east central Illinois have said the wall is only a temporary solution, and that its construction – and the wall itself – would damage the Middle Fork, Illinois’ only National Scenic River. They maintain the only way to eliminate the risk is to move the coal ash.

“The proposal to put the rock along the river is just a stopgap measure, if that, because eventually the river will erode it away,” said Kevin Green, a member of the Vermilion County Board.

Documents obtained through public records requests show the scale of the stabilization plan.

If approved, a wall of rock would be installed across 10 feet of the river bottom, and along the bank for more than a third of a mile. The river bottom along that stretch would be excavated to a depth of seven feet and filled with a mix of rock.

Parts of the riverbank under two of the ash ponds would also be removed and filled with rock materials. The company then would install 24-inch boulders along the riverbank.

“The scale of this project is like busting up the Washington Monument into riprap sized pieces and laying it along that 1,900 feet of riverbank,” said Clark Bullard, a mechanical engineer and member of the Prairie Rivers Network board. “It’s just a huge massive amount of rocks.”

A diagram show the cross section of rock Dynegy wants to install on the Middle Fork River
Dynegy’s permit application for construction on the Middle Fork River shows the cross-section of rock materials the company would install in the river. River bottom sediments would be excavated ten feet out from the riverbank to a depth of seven feet along 1900 feet of the river. (SCI Engineering/from open records request)

Vermilion County officials and environmentalists are concerned that the proposed wall is a prelude to a forthcoming Dynegy proposal to “cap and leave” the ash ponds next to the river.

“This project is going to have major impacts on the river in a variety of ways,” said Pam Richart, co-director of the Eco-Justice Collaborative. “But we really think it’s also in step one in their plan to leave the ash in place.”

Construction would limit recreational access to the river for at least nine months near Kickapoo State Park, a destination for more than a million people each year.

Local and county government groups and environmentalists have called for a public hearing on the application.

Sarah Keller, the project manager for Dynegy’s permit application at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, said a public hearing may be called if comments show a public interest.

“We will process all the comments that we receive and they will be provided to the applicant for response and rebuttal if necessary,” she said, “and at that time the public does have the right to request a public hearing.”

Because the proposed construction may affect water quality, endangered species, and the natural state of the Middle Fork, the permit application is also being reviewed by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Park Service.

Public comments will be accepted through January 10, 2019.

Comments can be emailed to the Corps of Engineers at, with the public notice ID “LRL-2018-602-sjk” only in the email subject line.

Comments by mail should also include public notice ID LRL-2018-602-sjk, and be addressed to:

Ms. Sarah Keller
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Louisville District
8902 Otis Avenue, Suite S106B
Indianapolis, IN 46216

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  1. Marty

    We in east-central Illinois and others on the electrical grid all had furnaces and air conditioners running, radios, dishwashers, washing machines, and we had our hospitals and police stations powered up because this little power plant was making electricity for us all. That said, we should as a society help Dynegy to take care of this ash and not put the whole burden on them. This company isn’t swimming in cash, the were bought by Vistra and they too are closing coal plants because they don’t have the revenue to keep them open from what I have heard. I love that river, it is priceless and must be taken care of. Let’s love our neighbor the way we love ourselves and see what we can do as tax payers to help this company remove the ash.